According to the American Heart Association, approximately one-third of Americans may have experienced a warning sign of an impending stroke. Yet, they may have delayed or failed to seek medical attention. AHA/ASA released a report on the matter based on the study of over 2,000 adults nationwide.
TIAs or Transient ischemic attacks are also known as mini strokes precede approximately 15 percent of strokes. Without treatment, individuals who experience a TIA have a significantly increased risk of suffering a major stroke within the next 90 days.
Mini Strokes Or TIA Should Be Treated Just As Seriously As A Stroke
Mini strokes occur when there is a temporary blockage that restricts or stops the flow of blood to the brain. They come with the same symptoms as a stroke. However, they typically resolve within a few minutes or up to 24 hours. Unlike a stroke, a TIA does not result in permanent brain damage.
The American Stroke suggests using the acronym FAST to remember the warning signs of a stroke. As such, F stands for facial drooping. If you ask the individual to smile, one side of the mouth will not turn up.
A stands for arm weakness. If a person who suffered such an attack squeezes both of your hands at the same time, one side will be noticeably weaker than the other. S stands for slurred speech. An individual experiencing a TIA or stroke will have difficulty enunciating words.
T stands for time. Specialists warn that people should call 911 immediately in such cases. Prompt medical treatment is essential even if the symptoms seem to resolve quickly.
Brain imaging is the only way to determine if the symptoms are the result of a TIA or an actual stroke. A clot-busting drug called tPA can be used to treat certain types of strokes. Nonetheless, it has to be administered with the first three hours after the onset of the symptoms.
Individuals who have had a TIA can work with their doctor to implement lifestyle changes and a medication regimen that could help reduce the likelihood of a major stroke.
“Ignoring any stroke sign could be a deadly mistake,” says Dr. Mitch Elkind, chair of the American Stroke Association.
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