The news came earlier this week on Monday, October 02, that the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded, jointly, to 3 scientists. These were bestowed for their discovery of the molecular mechanisms behind the circadian rhythm.
The prize was awarded by the NIH or the National Institutes of Health It was received by grantees Jeffrey C. Hall of the University of Maine, Orono, Michael W. Young, part of Rockefeller University, New York City, and Michael Rosbash of the Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts.
The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology Or Medicine Won Over by the Circadian Rhythm
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet was reported to have decided to award this prize to the three scientists “for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm”.
According to a statement from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences” “the paradigm-shifting discoveries by the laureates established key mechanistic principles for the biological clock.”
Namely, the statements point out that every living organisms on this planet functions thanks to an internal, biological clock. Still, not much is known about the way in which this actually functions.
The three 2017 Nobel Prize laureates used fruit flies to study the circadian rhythms. They analyzed them and managed to isolate one particular gene. This was established to be able to control the normal biological rhythm on a daily basis.
A further study of this gene helped reveal its day and night processes, and also the subsequent actions it determines.
“The work of these Nobel laureates to help us understand how our biological clocks work has shone a light on the significance of circadian rhythms on our health, and is informing treatments for sleep disorders, obesity, mental health disorders, and other health problems,” said Francis S. Collins, the NIH Director and a M.D., and Ph.D.
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