Vitamin D plays a key role in bone health and not only. An UK expert panel recommends that Vitamin D intake is aided by supplements, as natural food sources and sunlight are not providing risk groups with healthy amounts of the vitamin.
The governmental expert panel – the Scientific Advisory Board on Nutrition looked at how Vitamin D intake influences musculoskeletal health, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and heart diseases.
Based on optimal intake levels of Vitamin D, the panel concluded that each UK citizen above the age of 1 should have a 10 microgram Vitamin D supplement. For the U.S. and Canada, the daily recommended dose is 15 micrograms according to the Institute of Medicine nonprofit organization guidelines.
The UK Scientific Advisory Board on Nutrition identified children from age 1 to age 5, pregnant women and the senior adults over the age of 65, as well as people with darker skin or people who don’t expose to the sun as risk groups for Vitamin D deficiency.
To this extent, the panel recommends in a draft set of guidelines that typical sources of Vitamin D intake, such as exposure to sunlight and food sources rich in Vitamin D are complemented by dietary supplements.
Doctor Adrian Martineau, of the Barts and London School of Medicine and Dentistry stated:
“The action of sunlight on the skin in the UK is highly variable for different populations depending on the time of year and the latitude – you’ll get more UVB in Brighton than in John O’Groats – and finally, how much skin is exposed and the colour of the skin”.
Sun exposure alone cannot account for the daily healthy dose of Vitamin D, experts say. While this varies to great extents, so does food intake. Also, not everyone is at risk of Vitamin D deficiency, which may lead to a wide array of health problems.
From this perspective, it is recommended that in light of the new draft guidelines on daily healthy dose of Vitamin D, UK citizens take the advice of a physician. An overdose on vitamin D is not recommended either.
Self medication, even if we are talking about dietary vitamin supplements should be avoided. Based on thorough analysis, a physician will be able to determine what daily dose of Vitamin D one patient may need to keep to healthy recommended guidelines.
The draft recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Board on Nutrition is aided by a different report coming from Public Health England, which concludes that in the UK, one out of five people do not have the optimal levels of Vitamin D.
Increasing the daily dose could help the general population steer away from medical complications such as musculoskeletal problems, the most common stemming from Vitamin D deficiency.
For children, health authorities warn, insufficient Vitamin D may lead to rickets. For adults, osteomalacia is the most common affection.
The draft recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Board on Nutrition target the enforcement of a national strategy that upholds the health of the general population regarding healthy Vitamin D intake.
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