According to a meta-analysis of many food studies dating back 50 years ago, the sugar industry manipulated facts on fat. This led to a major change in diets, from fat to sugar, which has consequences to this day. Consequences like obesity, diabetes, heart disease and many others.
The flawed conclusions of a major study comparing fat to sugar were sponsored by the sugar industry. A lobby group called the Sugar Research Foundation gave three Harvard researchers 6,500 dollars (the equivalent of 50,000 dollars in today’s economy). In exchange for the money, they had to overlook the research results which pointed to a link between sugar and heart disease and put the blame on fat instead.
The final paper of the corrupt Harvard scientists was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. It changed the American diet forever.
The analysis of the documents showed without a doubt that the industry-funded review had to come to a pre-determined conclusion.
Professor Marion Nestle, who teaches nutrition at New York University notes that the documents shed light on how the industry-sponsored the study so they could reach their own conclusions.
A comprehensive analysis published in 2015 showed that there was not enough evidence for people to cut fatty foods from their diet. Many documentaries and scientific research have realized the intentional mistake of previous studies. They showed why sugar is a bigger issue than fat in the obesity and diabetes crisis. Even saturated fats are not as bad for the heart as guidelines show – according to a recent study.
The 1976 study had a major impact on dietary guidelines in America and the United Kingdom. It limited the amount of fat people should eat to under 10 percent of daily caloric intake for saturated fats and no more than 20 percent to 35 percent for regular fats.
But these guidelines were made without much evidence to support them. The authors of the 2015 comprehensive analysis believe that these guidelines should completely be discarded.
Back in the 70s, there was another issue which led to the dietary shift. Policymakers simply ignored randomized studies which showed that the influence of fat on heart disease or likelihood of death was not supported by evidence.
These flawed studies and sponsorships continue to this day. With Coca-Cola or sugary sweets providers funding research to show there is no link between sugary drinks and obesity or that kids who eat sweets have healthy body weights.
Image Source – Wikipedia