A team of scientists has reached the conclusion that obesity may favor the appearance of Type 2 Diabetes which in turn could lead to even bigger health issues in the form of liver cancer.
A team of American Cancer Society scientists in association with the United States National Cancer Institute has set out to establish the main elements that could lead to the appearance of liver cancer.
Their research was based on data gathered from almost 1.57 million people involved in other studies. The first stage of the study involved the patients answering to a number of questions related to their weight, height, alcohol and tobacco consumption, and various other risk determinants in relation to liver cancer.
No cancer diagnosed patients were involved but by the end of the trial, a number of 2162 had been diagnosed with the disease and a number of 6.5 percent of the involved patients had developed type 2 diabetes.
A comparison between the rates liver cancer in obese patients, as opposed to average weight ones, revealed that the former group presented an increased risk of developing the disease.
Both men and women present a 25 to 38 percent higher risk of liver cancer for every 5 kg for body mass square meter index increase. That would mean an 8 percent higher risk rate for each 5-centimeter waistline increase.
Research also showed that the smoking and drinking habits, as well as the body mass index (BMI) rates, can favor the apparition of liver cancer in the case of type 2 diabetes diagnosed patients.
The three aforementioned elements are all connected to the possibility of metabolic dysfunctions and in as such, can factor in the disease’s development.
One of the National Cancer Institute’s scientists, Katherine McGlynn, considers these results to be even more relevant when taking into consideration the proven fact that diabetes and obesity are some of the population’s most common health problems.
McGlynn also states that contrary to the common belief that considered the hepatitis C or B viruses as being the most probable causes of liver cancer, the current research shows otherwise.
As proven by the study, the hepatitis viruses are less frequent causes of the cancer when compared to type 2 diabetes, drinking and smoking habits, and obesity.
As almost 86 million Americans reportedly show signs or already have prediabetes, with many also facing weight problems, the nation’s smoking and drinking rates keep going up.
As such public health should concentrate on raising awareness towards the ever increasing risks of both obesity, type 2 diabetes, and liver cancer.
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